If You Need Further Testing
If you had an abnormal FIT result, the Screening Program for Colorectal Cancer nurse navigator or your healthcare provider will contact you about appropriate follow-up care.
What follow-up tests will I need to have?
In most cases, your healthcare provider will request a colonoscopy, which is a visual examination of the colon using a fiber optic endoscope. A colonoscopy can detect inflamed tissue, ulcers and abnormal growths. There are also other diagnostic tests that your healthcare provider may request.
What happens during a colonoscopy?
During a colonoscopy, patients lie on their left side on an examination table. In most cases, a light sedative, and possibly pain medication, is given to help patients relax. The doctor inserts a long, flexible, lighted tube called a colonoscope, or scope, into the anus and slowly guides it through the rectum and into the colon. The large bowel is inflated with air, carbon dioxide or water to give better views. A small camera mounted on the scope transmits a video image from inside the large intestine to a computer screen, allowing the doctor to carefully examine the intestinal lining. Your colonoscopist or the nurse navigator will provide detailed information regarding your procedure or test.
What if the doctor sees a growth during a colonoscopy?
A doctor can remove growths, called polyps, during a colonoscopy and have the sample tested for signs of cancer. Polyps are common in adults and are usually harmless. However, most colorectal cancers begin as a polyp, so removing polyps early is an effective way to prevent cancer.
How will I know the results of my colonoscopy?
Your healthcare provider will receive the results of your colonoscopy and help to arrange further care if it is needed.
What if the result of the sample taken shows signs of cancer?
Your healthcare provider will review the results of your test with you and discuss the available treatment options.
What if my colonoscopy is normal?
If the results of your colonoscopy are normal, you can return to the screening program for regular screening as long as you remain eligible. You will not have to do anything. The screening program will send you a FIT kit when you are scheduled for your next screening test.